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[3] Again, Muldoon's Government received fewer votes than the opposition Labour Party. John Marshall. Sir Robert David Muldoon GCMG CH PC (/mʌlˈduːn/; 25 September 1921 – 5 August 1992) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party. Muldoon was a polarising figure and has been variously described as a "bully",[3] an "enigma,"[4] and "a strong believer in the battler, the little man, the ordinary citizen and his or her rights. Muldoon ignored the advice, owing to his belief that it would hurt poor New Zealanders in the medium term, and in June 1984 announced the snap election mentioned above which, as predicted, caused an immediate run on the dollar. Hardly the situation in which you would expect to find the bold former prime minister Sir Robert Muldoon. Robert Muldoon - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclop. Wallace Rowling. Join Facebook to connect with Robert Muldoon and others you may know. Further information: Premiers and Prime Ministers of New Zealand Adams-Smith reported 'an injustice may have been done', and Muldoon pushed through a royal pardon for Thomas. Jurassic Park. However, Muldoon was passed over as a new Cabinet minister following the election, with fellow Young Turks Duncan MacIntyre and Peter Gordon appointed ahead of him. [61] A subsequent Royal Commission of Inquiry exonerated Thomas and recommended he be paid $950,000 as compensation for the time he served. [68] The Federation of Labour's President Jim Knox, who Muldoon did not get along with, refused to co-operate. After being defeated in the ballot Muldoon was asked whether he was going to be a thorn in McLay's side, to which he replied "More like a little prick. As far as appearance, he was burly, with deep blue eyes and a steel gray mustache. Gleneagles Agreement. Robert Muldoon. Marshall fought the 1972 election on a slogan of "Man For Man, The Strongest Team" – an allusion to Marshall's own low-key style, particularly compared to his deputy. Find more information about: ISBN: 1877399019 9781877399015: OCLC Number: 63658626: Description: 289 pages ; 22 cm: Contents: … Muldoon blamed Brash and the party organisation for the defeat, but was strongly rebuked by the party for this stance. After changing his story several times, Moyle resigned from Parliament. The address on file for this company is 8800 66th Street, Pinellas Park, FL 33782 in … Muldoon justified the snap election because he felt Waring's revolt impeded his ability to govern. "[34], Economics correspondent Brian Gaynor has claimed that Muldoon's policy of reversing Labour's saving scheme cost him a chance to transform the New Zealand economy. Try these other great quote pages! [71] The Clyde dam, which generated electricity to be used to manufacture aluminum for export, was typical of Muldoon's efforts to shelter New Zealand from the troubles of the rest of the world. [95], In his later years Muldoon's health declined as he suffered from a number of ailments. [63] The loss of the by-election provided the catalyst for growing opposition within the National Party to Muldoon's leadership.[64]. Muldoon, who was overseas at the time, saw the plotters off with relative ease, especially since Talboys himself was a reluctant draftee. More so his character from the book than from the movie. book. Muldoon sent a message to the Queen on 15 December 1976 putting forward former Prime Minister Sir Keith Holyoake as his appointee, which the Queen approved. USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and other countries. [95], Muldoon remained as the MP for Tamaki until shortly before his death. The chapters on the calling of the 1984 election and on the currency crisis immediately after the election, for example, break new ground. Muldoon fell seriously ill almost immediately after his retirement, and died in hospital on 5 August 1992, aged 70. Baca ulasan lengkap. Initially there was some controversy over the design of the new coins and notes of the New Zealand dollar,[6] but the issues were overcome in time for the new currency's introduction in July 1967. [67] "The Tour", as it has become known, provoked massive public demonstrations and some of the worst social schisms New Zealand has ever seen. He was a famous white hunter from Nairobi and a consultant for wildlife preserves and zoos. characters. Muldoon noted, however, that the Gleneagles Agreement had been amended and, in an article in The Times, that he had not broken the Gleneagles Agreement because "New Zealand and subsequently other countries made it clear that they could not subscribe to an agreement which required them to abrogate the freedoms of their sportsmen and prohibit sporting contacts". A good assessment of the man although as with Gustafson's Holyoake biography a little more critical analysis, and the impressions of those who were in opposition to him would have been valuable. Guarda le traduzioni di ‘Robert Muldoon’ in italiano. [24], When Holyoake stood down in 1972, Muldoon challenged Marshall for the top job; he lost by a narrow margin, but won unanimous election as deputy leader of the National Party and hence Deputy Prime Minister.[25]. Although he remained iconic to particular segments of society, particularly the elderly, Muldoon faded quickly as a force on the political scene. Economic policies of the Muldoon Government included national superannuation, wage and price freezes, industrial incentives, and the Think Big industrial projects. In 1960, an electoral swing brought Keith Holyoake back to power as Prime Minister of the Second National Government. Robert D. Kaplan is the bestselling author of sixteen books on foreign affairs and travel translated into many languages, including Asia’s Cauldron, The Revenge of Geography, Monsoon, The Coming Anarchy, and Balkan Ghosts. Despite the controversy, the New Zealand Rugby Union decided to let the tour take place. Robert David Muldoon, Sir Robert David ( Rob ) Muldoon (1921 1992), former prime minister of New Zealand (from 1975 to 1984) … English contemporary dictionary. Robert Muldoon is on Facebook. [70] The projects' goals were to make New Zealand more than 60% self-sufficient in energy, and to produce 425,000 jobs. 29 July 1981. Sir Robert David Muldoon GCMG CH PC (/mʌlˈduːn/; 25 September 1921 – 5 August 1992) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party. When Hammond refused, Muldo… In his first term (1975–1978) Muldoon focused on reducing expenditure, but struggled with the growing cost of his own superannuation scheme,[23] partly due to the many tax rebates and exemptions he passed for lower income earners. [76], With Think Big failing to deliver on its promise, Muldoon imposed an incomes policy: a freeze on wages and most prices (items excluded included fresh meat, frozen meat, items sold at auction and "women's fashion clothing other than standard lines"[77]), interest rates and dividends across the country in April 1982. Homosexual activity between men was illegal in New Zealand at the time. Robert Muldoon was Prime Minister of New Zealand for eight and a half years (1975-1984) and Minister of Finance for fifteen years (1967-72 and 1975-84) during one of the most difficult periods in the country's history. Muldoon and Holyoake cartoon. Muldoon had also fallen out with former supporter and millionaire businessman Bob Jones, who made good on a threat to create his own party in protest at Muldoon's economic policies. [30] Economic pressures continued to build: Muldoon tried to control spiraling increases in wages and inflation through a trade-off with the trade-union leadership: a reduction in the tax rate in exchange for an agreement not to press for further rounds of wage increases, similar to The Accord reached in Australia in 1983. [80], Muldoon initiated a Closer Economic Relations (CER) free trade agreement with Australia to liberalise trade, which came into effect from New Year's Day 1982. A final controversy occurred during the course of the election and transfer of government: during early 1984 Roderick Deane, then Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, became concerned that the New Zealand dollar (which had a fixed exchange-rate to the US dollar) had become significantly overvalued and was vulnerable to currency speculation on the financial markets in the event of a "significant political event". Jenny Shipley. [17] He displayed a flair for the newly introduced medium of television (broadcasts began in New Zealand in 1960). Muldoon came to power promising to lead "a Government of the ordinary bloke. National Superannuation and Restoring New Zealands, Court Cases Radio Pacific and the 1987 Election, The Global Economic Action Institute and the 1990 Election, New Zealand and the Soviet Union, 1950-1991: A Brittle Relationship. WikiMili. [98] A by-election was held in February 1992, and was won by National's Clem Simich on a reduced majority. Gennaro Muldoon. A day later, Muldoon's first autobiography, The Rise and Fall of a Young Turk, was published. Political cartoon, 1972. It is in the context of the statement made by a Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand in 1939: "Where Britain goes, we go." Alienated from National and disenchanted with government policy,[95] Muldoon announced his resignation to the party caucus on 10 November 1991.[96]. A populist,[29] he promised to lead "a Government of the ordinary bloke. One of the best book quotes from Robert Muldoon #1 “You ready to live dangerously?” author. E' un film del 1993 con Sam Neill, Laura Dern, Jeff Goldblum, Richard Attenborough e Bob Peck. Images and media for robert Muldoon. A good assessment of the man although as with Gustafson's Holyoake biography a little more critical analysis, and the impressions of those who were in opposition to him would have been valuable. One learns not only about modern day politics but also about culture, literature, religion, and history through his travels. Sir Robert, as he now was, ended his term with a currency and a constitutional crisis. His biographer, Barry Gustafson, who described himself as not a Muldoon supporter, wrote that he still served as an active MP for his Tamaki electorate, dealing immediately with matters from all walks of life. Robert Muldoon was played by the late Bob Peck (1945-1999). After being deposed as leader, Muldoon sat on the back benches, increasingly dismayed by the free market policies of both major parties. In the book-length poem “Madoc,” Muldoon supposes that Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Robert Southey took up their (actual) fancy of founding a Pantisocratic community in North America. … During the 1975 general elections, the National Party had played a controversial electoral advertisement that was later criticized for stoking negative racial sentiments about Polynesian migrants. Muldoon was a staunch critic of Richardson's and the Bolger government's policies. [36] The United States' superannuation for a married couple was effectively 49% of the average wage rate, and 40% in Australia and 38% in Britain; however, New Zealand's was set at 80%. Nice work, Kenner. As a long-time National Party activist, Muldoon rejected Communism as an "alien" collectivist philosophy. On his Radio Pacific show, on 17 November 1991, Muldoon announced he would stand down from Parliament; he formally retired one month later, on 17 December. Thomas … [35] The National superannuation scheme was one of Muldoon's 1975 election promises: it was described as a "generous" policy, and was effective in realigning Muldoon's support from elderly voters. by Robert Muldoon ( 17 ) $9.99. [88], Following the election the controversy became a constitutional crisis: Muldoon refused to do as the incoming government instructed, causing the currency crisis to worsen. Muldoon had a short stage career in a New Zealand production of The Rocky Horror Show, held at Auckland's His Majesty's Theatre (demolished soon after the production ended),[95] starring as the narrator. [66] No other serious challenge to his leadership occurred in his years as Prime Minister until after the 1984 election. A very cautious and levelheaded man, Muldoon was of the opinion that the park's Velociraptors were too dangerous to be kept, and should be destroyed, an opinion the arrogant John Hammond did not share. I am bound to hold that in so doing he was purporting to suspend the law without consent of Parliament. Overstayers and their families were usually deported to their countries of origin. "[2] He appointed himself Minister of Finance. This the only authorized biography of New Zealand's prime minister, Robert Muldoon -- one of the dominant political figures of the last half-century in that country. These operations involved special police squads conducting raids in the early morning on the homes of overstayers throughout New Zealand. Based on many hours of conversation with Muldoon himself as well as colleagues, friends, and family, and wide access to the prime minister's official and private papers and diaries, this book has been awarded the Ian Wards Prize for published … Francis Henry Dillon Bell. [10] But in 1960 he won election as MP for the suburban Auckland electorate of Tamaki, winning against Bob Tizard, who had taken the former National seat in 1957. Description: 307 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. Bob Peck was a British actor who portrayed Robert Muldoon in Jurassic Park. Responsibility: edited by Margaret Clark. Labour responded with a campaign called Citizens for Rowling, described by Muldoon as "not even a thinly disguised" attack on himself. The players left, tooexcept one who stayed and suffered like the fans. "[2] His government immediately faced problems with the economy; a recession from June 1976 to March 1978 caused New Zealand's economy to shrink 4.1% and unemployment to rise 125%. [43], Muldoon, in Parliament, accused opposition MP and former Cabinet minister Colin Moyle of having been questioned by the police on suspicion of homosexual activities in 1977. Described in the novel as a burly man fifty years of age, with deep blue eyes and a steel gray mustache, he is a former professional hunter who worked with Hammond at one of his previous parks in Kenya. [59], As Prime Minister, he accepted both the American and Chinese views that the Soviet Union was an aggressive power with hegemonic ambitions in the South Pacific. [30], Robert Muldoon continued his Labour predecessor Prime Minister Norman Kirk's policy of arresting and deporting Pacific Islander overstayers which had begun in 1974. Robert Muldoon, the game warden from Jurassic Park. The aim of total free trade between the two countries was achieved in 1990, five years ahead of schedule. However, the projected continued rise in oil prices did not transpire. [10] The couple had three children, Barbara, Jennifer and Gavin. [75] As a result, Muldoon asked him to apologise or resign from Cabinet; Quigley chose to resign. Robert Muldoon è su Facebook. He was born on August 23, 1945, and died on April 4, 1999 at the age of 53 after fighting cancer for several years. Muldoon led his party to two additional election victories in 1978 and 1981. However, his government did not participate in the US-led trade boycott against the Soviet Union because it would have hurt New Zealand's predominantly agricultural export economy. He was the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party. concepts. The newly elected neo-liberal and unexpectedly pro-free market Fourth Labour Government embarked on a series of fundamental free-market reforms known (after Labour's finance minister Roger Douglas) as Rogernomics, and which were then continued from 1990–94 by the succeeding National government's policies known as (after National's finance minister Ruth Richardson) as Ruthanasia, which marked a fundamental break with the more interventionist policies of Muldoon's era. "[32] Ultimately Muldoon, as a member of the executive branch, was acting beyond his prescribed powers, as only parliament has the power to make and unmake laws. [13], Muldoon joined the New Zealand Army in November 1940 during the Second World War, and served in the South Pacific and in Italy. [6] At the age of five Muldoon slipped while playing on the front gate, damaging his cheek and resulting in a distinctive scar. Muldoon had remained National's Finance spokesman when he became party leader, and as a result became Minister of Finance as well as Prime Minister—thus concentrating enormous power in his hands. Helen Clark. Serving as a corporal and sergeant in the army in the Second World War,[1] Muldoon completed his training as an accountant and returned to New Zealand as its first fully qualified cost accountant. The Bill of Rights 1689 was then invoked in the case of Fitzgerald v Muldoon and Others,[31] The Chief Justice, Sir Richard Wild, declared that Muldoon's actions were illegal as they had violated Article 1 of the Bill of Rights, which provides "that the pretended power of dispensing with laws or the execution of laws by regal authority...is illegal. In 1980, the National government also expelled the Soviet Ambassador, Vsevolod Sofinski, for providing funding to the SUP. In 1984, he was only the second Prime Minister (after Sir Keith Holyoake) to receive a knighthood while still in office. Muldoon would represent the Tamaki constituency for the next 32 years. A great catastrophe was the price that was paid. [15] He returned to New Zealand after the war as the country's first fully qualified cost accountant, having worked in a chartered accountancy firm in the United Kingdom for a year.[15]. He also had minor television appearances on commercials for Panasonic (when it changed its brand name in New Zealand from "National") and in the television series Terry and the Gunrunners (as Arnos Grove) and in The Friday Frights (as the host); he also hosted a talkback radio show entitled Lilies and Other Things, referencing his favourite flower on Radio Pacific. [11] Lady Muldoon, who died at age 87 in 2015, was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1993 New Year Honours[12] and made a Companion of the Queen's Service Order in the 1986 New Year Honours. On the night, National won 46 seats to Labour's 44 and Social Credit's two, but a recount gave National the seat of Gisborne by 150 votes, and a majority of one. Justice Stephen Kos "Constitutional collision: Fitzgerald v Muldoon v Wild" (2014) 13 Otago LR 243. sfn error: no target: CITEREFGustafson1986 (, Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977, "Dancing Cossack" television advertisement, New Zealand's ambassador to the United States, 1981 South Africa rugby union tour of New Zealand, Additional Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour, 1977 Queen's Silver Jubilee and Birthday Honours, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Official Information Act and Privacy: New Zealand's Story", "Robert Muldoon: The Grim Face of Power - Part One | Television | NZ On Screen Embed Player", "Family album: 1950s wedding: Te Ara – Robert David Muldoon", "Story: Muldoon, Robert David: Page 3 – National MP", "Story: Muldoon, Robert David: Page 5 – Party leader", "Story: Muldoon, Robert David Page 4 – Cabinet minister", "Story: Muldoon, Robert David Page 6 – Prime Minister", "rcraggs | Commonwealth Oral History Project", "Feisty, Protectionist Populism? 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