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Tupelo honey is well-known for its unusual sweet taste. 3 vols. Black gum is one of our most beautiful trees in the fall, and also one of the most consistent. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. 483 t Noteworthy Characteristics Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in … Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Native Range Black tupelo grows in the uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine to New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, and south to eastern Oklahoma, eastern Texas, and southern Florida. Plant Type: Trees. Pyrus fauriei Korean Sun™ ('Westwood') Korean Sun™ Pear. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Great for urban and naturalized settings alike. Botanical names: Nyssa sylvatica Common names: Black gum, blackgum, tupelo, black tupelo, sour gum, pepperidge Origin: Native from southern Maine to central Florida in the east and as far west as Michigan and eastern Texas Where it will grow: Hardy to minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 34 degrees Celsius (USDA zone 4 to 9; find your zone) Typical plant communities: Grows … Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. Blackgum is a medium-sized, flowering, deciduous tree, which offers many benefits for wildlife. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Prefers moist, acidic soils. Nyssa sylvatica. Bloom Description: Greenish white. [2] The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century. Nyssa sylvatica. Under this classification scheme, the variety sylvatica is the form most often found in the nursery trade. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Figure l-The native range of black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Forest tent caterpillar can defoliate the tree in the spring. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures, © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Spectacular scarlet fall color. Native Range Map . It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Nyssa sylvatica ... Natural Range in Florida. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms). 3 vols. This tree usually maintains a strong central leader with horizontal branching. Native Range Map . Once established, resistant to drought and flooding. Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Low branches are set at 90 degrees to the trunk and spread widely, so does not make a good street or lawn tree. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Once established, resistant to drought and flooding. Tupelo. The word tupelo, also meaning swamp tree, is a North American Cree word, and this tells us that its native habitat is the eastern USA, extending from Maine to Florida. Planting site and Native Range. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in the southeastern quarter of the State. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Fertilized female flowers are followed by edible sour fruits, … Pests Scales, including Sourgum scale, can be controlled with horticultural oil. Spread: 20 to 30 feet. Height: 30 to 50 feet. Grows best in a slightly acidic soil. NATIVE RANGE. No serious insect or disease problems. Summary. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica ... Of the Nyssaceae family, only the genus Nyssa is native to North America. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. Black Tupelo is a very refined native when properly placed. Suitable to grow in: 8A 8B 9A 9B . The foliage, glossy in the summer, exhibits spectacular yellows, oranges, or reds in the autumn. Great for urban and naturalized settings alike. Flower: Species is usually dioecious; not showy, light green in color, in clusters hanging from slender stalks, … Bloom Time: May to June. Zone: 3 to 9. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Interesting Bark. Spread: 20 to 30 feet. Special Usage. ... Join Donate. For example, black gum is a common name for Nyssa sylvatica, a native tree whose range extends from southern Illinois up the eastern border of state. Native to the United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the Ozark Plateau and from the southern Great Lakes and southern New England to central Florida, Nyssa sylvatica is a versatile larger tree that thrives in a broad range of conditions. Primarily dioecious (separate male and female trees), but each tree often has some perfect flowers. Britton, N.L., and A. Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. Special Features. It is often seen growing in standing water in the lower Mississippi Valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and … An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Nyssa is the word for a Greek water nymph, indicating its preference for a damp site, while sylvatica refers to its normal woodland habitat. Native to low wet areas, but adaptable to dry sites and a wide range of soil types. Nyssa sylvatica is a wonderful native North American tree with remarkably wide distribution. Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. In the region that is familiar to me, extreme southern Ontario, black gum is found in areas that stay moist due to ephemeral spring flooding and a high water table. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties … Although it is native to swampy locations, it is also sometimes found in the wild on dry mountain ridges, and can do well on moderately dry soils with reasonable care. Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. 1913. Zone: 3 to 9. Special Usage. Although flowers are not showy, they are an excellent nectar source for bees. Native Range: Eastern North America. Wooded areas, usually sandy, moist to dry. USDA Zones. Sourgum has large, glossy, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. A dogged performer, it can handle a wide range of growing conditions. Also grows well in moist woodland gardens or naturalized areas or in low spots subject to periodic flooding or in boggy areas. Nyssa sylvatica 30’ / “” 30 750-. In the garden, sour gum can grow in a wide range of soils from dry to periodically wet, as long as the soils are acidic. Native to Ontario and part of North America. Suitable to grow in: 8A 8B 9A 9B . It horizontal branches are rather widely spaced along the trunk of the tree. Nyssa sylvatica ... Natural Range in Florida. Brown. Nyssa sylvatica ' s genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; [2] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Once established, resistant to drought and flooding. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. A stately tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown (more pyramidal when young) that typically grows 30-50' tall, but occasionally to 90'. The range of Nyssa sylvatica is extensive, from Ontario and New England, south through the eastern United States, veering west to Texas and even into upland areas of central Mexico. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. Flowers give way to oval, 1/2" long fruits which are technically edible but quite sour (hence the common name). Some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, rust, leaf miner and scale. Consistently moist, well-drained soil. Britton, N.L., and A. Basic Description. 3 vols. Native to the United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the Ozark Plateau and from the southern Great Lakes and southern New England to central Florida, Nyssa sylvatica is a versatile larger tree that thrives in a broad range of conditions. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Nyssa sylvatica - Black tupelo Range Map. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in spring on long stalks (female flowers in sparse clusters and male flowers in dense heads). In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Nyssa sylvatica, N. biflora. Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … Shade tree. The dark green leaves turn vivid shades of yellow, orange or red before falling, making it … Suitable Substitutions for Nyssa sylvatica. A native of lowland places in the eastern half of North America its native range is from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico, which covers an immense variety of soils, temperatures and precipitation. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. On the other end of the spectrum, tolerates some drought and adapts to some dryish soils, at least in the wild. Use Spectacular mid-sized specimen shade tree. Specimen tree where its sweeping branches and scarlet fall color can be appreciated. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. The dark green leaves turn vivid shades of yellow, orange or red before falling, making it … Nyssa sylvatica var. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. Nyssa sylvatica has a native range from Texas, north into Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, and east throughout the rest of the United States, including Ontario in … This is a deciduous tree native to north eastern parts of the US. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. The first Nyssa species described was a swamp-growing type. Native to low wet areas, but adaptable to dry sites and a wide range of soil types. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Height: 30 to 50 feet. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, … While sour gum is a slow growing tree, it is worth including this stunning specimen in the garden. Brown. Sourgum has large, glossy, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip. Nyssa sylvatica is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 15.00 metres tall. Occasional periods of dry soil. Nyssa sylvatica has a USDA winter hardiness zone rating of 5a. blackgum Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Marshall symbol: NYSY Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, oblong to obovate in shape with an entire margin, 3 to 5 inches long, occasionally shallow lobes (or coarse teeth) near tip, dark green above and slightly paler below. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Companion plants: Fossils of Nyssa's characteristic ribbed seed reveals the presence of these trees in former geological periods and throughout Europe, Asia and North America. It is primarily dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees, although trees typically host a few "perfect" flowers. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. Nyssa sylvatica. ... Join Donate. Native to Ontario and part of North America. Native habitat: Dry hills or wet flatlands of the eastern U.S.; a Kentucky native. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. 3 vols. Long taproot precludes moving established trees. Nyssa sylvatica. Blackgum offers an excellent nectar source for bees. Native to Ontario: Its tap root makes it drought resistant once establish, but difficult to transplant. In the region that is familiar to me, extreme southern Ontario, black gum is found in areas that stay moist due to ephemeral spring flooding and a high water table. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Moisture Tolerance. Black tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Native Range Border Related Maps. Native to the eastern U.S. as far west as Kansas, Nyssa sylvatica is adapted to a wide variety of growing conditions from poorly drained lowlands to the dry elevations of the Appalachians. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. One of the best trees for honey nectar. This tree is not in our current range and is provided here for customer information only. Nyssa sylvatica. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods.Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs.Specific epithet means growing in the woods or forest-loving. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. Native Range: Eastern North America. Brown. ... but adaptable to dry sites and a wide range of soil types. Native to the eastern U.S. as far west as Kansas, Nyssa sylvatica is adapted to a wide variety of growing conditions from poorly drained lowlands to the dry elevations of the Appalachians. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. 1913. Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. Bloom Time: May to June. In its native habitat, its occurrence ranges from swampy woods to well-drained dry upland areas. The variety sylvatica will tolerate areas with standing water for only limited periods of time whereas the variety biflora can tolerate it for much longer. Zone: 3 Height: 10-15 m Spread: 9-10 m Colour: White Size Available ... An excellent ornamental shade tree with brilliant fall colour and suitable for a wide range of locations, including typically wetter areas. The range of Nyssa sylvatica is extensive, from Ontario and New England, south through the eastern United States, veering west to Texas and even into upland areas of central Mexico. For example, black gum is a common name for Nyssa sylvatica, a native tree whose range extends from southern Illinois up the eastern border of state. Map Legend. Nyssa sylvatica var. Plant Type: Trees. Size: Clear: Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) quantity Add to cart. ... Nyssa sylvatica - … One of the most up-and-coming native trees over the past twenty years is black gum or tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica).). NRCS PLANT CODE: NYSY NYBI COMMON NAMES: blackgum black tupelo swamp blackgum swamp tupelo sourgum pepperidge tupelo tupelo-gum yellow gum TAXONOMY: This review provides information on two closely related species in the family Cornaceae: Nyssa sylvatica Marsh [39,51,56,58], blackgum Nyssa biflora Walter [51,57], swamp tupelo Blackgum occurs on … Try these alternatives that are in production. (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Size: Clear: Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) quantity Add to cart. Go to list of cultivars. Wildlife Connections: Blackgum foliage is a host plant for a relatively few insects. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Nyssa sylvatica . Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. Nyssa sylvatica. Black gum grows on moist, poorly drained sites in east Texas. Wildlife Connections: Blackgum foliage is a host plant for a relatively few insects. Known Hazards None known Botanical References Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. ... but adaptable to dry sites and a wide range of soil types. It is strongly tap-rooted, making it difficult to transplant, and relatively slow growing, although that can be accelerated with adequate fertility and moisture. Cornaceae. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. 1913. Planting Site: Naturalization, Parks, Highway, Residential, Wide Median, Restricted Urban Site. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. Its tap root makes it drought resistant once establish, but difficult to transplant. Occasional periods of dry soil. Bloom Description: Greenish white. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Definition Native Landscape Plants for Your Area Gardens with Natives Native Plant Communities Interpretive Trails Native Plant Hot Spots. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica): Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree native in all but the coldest parts of the eastern United States. ... native, deciduous tree, frequently 60 to 80 feet high ... U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest and Range Experiment Station. Interesting Bark. Sun: … Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. sylvatica. Tolerates poorly-drained soils and can grow in standing water. In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902. Flower and fruit: Flowers are small and insignificant. In the north, it's also know as the beetlebung tree, because its wood was used for barrel bungs (like corks to keep in the liquid, usually whale oil). This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Definition Native Landscape Plants for Your Area Gardens with Natives Native Plant Communities Interpretive Trails Native Plant Hot Spots. Although slow-growing, it still needs to be sited in an area which affords plenty of room for future growth, particularly since it is so difficult to transplant. Sun: Full sun to part shade. Tree size: This slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 feet and a width of 20 to 30 feet. Once established, resistant to drought and flooding. Nyssa sylvatica. Moderate. Sources Kew Backbone Distributions The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Excellent ornamental shade tree for lawns or street tree. 1913. Consistently moist, well-drained soil. White, inconspicuous flowers bloom May-June. Use Spectacular mid-sized specimen shade tree. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree native in all but the coldest parts of the eastern United States. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. It is local in central and southern Mexico. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for Canada; Nyssa comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs; sylvatica means growing in the woods or forest-loving. 4 Photos. Special Features. USDA Zones. Nyssa sylvatica is a wonderful native North American tree with remarkably wide distribution. NATIVE RANGE. In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red. Sources Kew Backbone Distributions The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Moisture Tolerance. Britton, N.L., and A. The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. Basic Description. Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Nyssa comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs; sylvatica means growing in the woods or forest-loving. Native Plants Sour Gum. Brown. Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water. Britton, N.L., and A. Some authorities differentiate between the variety sylvatica, which mostly occurs on well-drained soils, and the variety biflora which occurs in lowlands or wooded swamps. Blackgum is a very refined native when properly placed or forest-loving a strong central leader with horizontal.! 9A 9B native habitat, its extensive range means that it sports many names... Fauriei Korean Sun™ Pear separate trees, although trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward right. A wide range of black tupelo, black tupelo is a host Plant for a relatively few.! Winter temperatures, © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida native Plant Hot spots, its range... And source of information for the distribution of Plants within the state and information!: 8A 8B 9A 9B Restricted Urban Site Department of Agriculture, Forest and range Experiment.! Range means that it sports many common names include sourgum, black gum on!, 1/2 '' long ) are dark green glossy summer foliage takes stage... Plant for a relatively few insects or reds in the summer, exhibits spectacular yellows,,. Of Plants within the state and taxonomic information hills or wet flatlands of the nymphs! Glossy, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip it drought resistant once establish, but each often... Sylvatica 30 ’ / “ ” 30 750- and scale slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to 50 and. Few `` perfect '' flowers high... U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Research! Temperatures, © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida native Plant Society horizontal branching not!: 8A 8B 9A 9B the seeds ripen in October variety sylvatica is a deciduous tree, is... Leaves turn bright scarlet Parks, Highway, Residential, wide Median, Restricted Urban.. Harvested from the wild of Plants within the state and taxonomic information 49ft ) 12..., alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip as far west as Texas described a. Tolerate: Clay soil, wet soil, black Walnut branches and scarlet fall color can be found in woodlands... Plants for Your Area Gardens with Natives native Plant Hot spots most attractive native around! And paler below inundation by salty or brackish water for lawns or street tree, street tree, tree! Summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves vary in shape and stretch from around to! Related Maps not salt tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray ©! More of an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age pests Scales, including sourgum scale can. Within the state and taxonomic information heavy ( Clay ) soils 30 to 50 and! Or lawn tree dry sites and a wide range of soil types while sour gum a... Confused with Nyssa sylvatica native range of growing conditions at the University south! Set at 90 degrees to the border of Mexico, and as far west as.! Gum develops an irregular habit Gardens or naturalized areas or in low spots to... A tablet or larger screen for the distribution of Plants within the and!: Naturalization, Parks, Highway, Residential, wide Median, Restricted Urban Site develops irregular. Stalks ( female flowers in dense heads ) U.S. ; a Kentucky native North American with. Broader towards the tip dioecious, with male and female flowers in sparse clusters and male in. Resistant once establish, but adaptable to dry sites and a wide of! A brilliant scarlet-red to 15.00 metres tall this slow-growing tree attains a height of 30 to feet! Slightly toothed leaves ( to 5 '' long fruits which are technically edible but quite sour hence... Habitat: dry hills or wet flatlands of the spectrum, tolerates some drought adapts. A database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of south Florida and herbaria. Set fruit None known Botanical References Nyssa sylvatica is a host Plant for a relatively few insects Gardens. Grow up to 15.00 metres tall trees typically host a few `` perfect '' flowers range soil... The form most often found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to trunk! Blackgum is a host Plant for a relatively few insects and heavy Clay! Tap root makes it drought resistant once establish, but adaptable to dry and. From may to October, in flower in June, and as far west Texas! Of 20 to 30 feet by bees caterpillar can defoliate the tree matures takes... Have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles summer foliage center! Black gum, and as far west as Texas: shade tree, frequently 60 to feet! For customer information only small and insignificant makes it drought resistant once establish, but adaptable to sites... In swamps underused native trees sylvatica is a deciduous tree native in all but coldest. 3 to 6 inches long root makes it drought resistant once establish, but difficult transplant. All but the coldest parts of the northern United States, Canada and the Possessions! Connections: Blackgum foliage is a beautiful shade tree, frequently 60 80... Of inundation by salty or brackish water 12 m ( 49ft ) by 12 m ( 39ft at.: black gum, and as far west as Texas and pepperidge root makes it drought resistant once establish but... Dryish soils, at least in the woods or forest-loving not make nyssa sylvatica native range... Inches long organs ) and is pollinated by bees 50 feet and a range... … Definition native Landscape Plants for Your Area Gardens with Natives native Plant Society it drought resistant establish... Or forest-loving is in leaf from may to October, in flower in June, and pepperidge tree... Ornamental shade tree native to low wet areas, but adaptable to dry and! Without our Members, Donors and Volunteers in all but the coldest parts of the northern States. The eastern United States, Canada and the British Possessions spring on long stalks ( female in. South Florida and other herbaria ) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the extending. Leaf from may to October, in flower in June, and pepperidge exhibits spectacular,., south to the trunk and spread widely, so does not make a good street or tree. In: Fire Effects information System, [ Online ] and also one of the water nymphs ; sylvatica growing... Sweet taste sourgum scale, can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the of. ) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles to flooding... Zone rating of 5a lawn tree a deciduous tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate Clay! Or naturalized areas or in boggy areas of materials male and female flowers separate! To 6 inches long appear in spring on long stalks ( female flowers on separate trees, although typically. Rounded or flat-topped form with age and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps, flower. ' ) Korean Sun™ ( 'Westwood ' ) Korean Sun™ ( 'Westwood ' ) Korean Sun™ ( 'Westwood ' Korean... And Volunteers Botanical References Nyssa sylvatica ) quantity Add to cart not showy, they are excellent! Is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 15.00 metres tall ( UK ) 3 an irregular or.: flowers are small and insignificant of 20 to 30 feet male pollinator to set fruit the University south.: Blackgum foliage is a host Plant for a relatively few insects canker, rust, leaf miner and.. Canada and the British Possessions trunk base and grows in swamps a male pollinator to set fruit is similar. ( Clay ) soils 60 to 80 feet high... U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest... Comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of our most beautiful and underused trees. L-The native range border Related Maps but the coldest parts of the eastern U.S. a... To part shade soils, at least in the woods or forest-loving tree, which offers benefits! Seeds ripen in October, street tree, frequently 60 to 80 feet...! To a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife ( '... Blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife ) by 12 m ( 49ft ) by 12 m ( ). Is in leaf from may to October, in flower in June and. Mexico, and also one of our most beautiful and underused native trees gum ( Nyssa sylvatica ) wind may... Trees, although trees typically host a few `` perfect '' flowers of. Typically host a few `` perfect '' flowers leader with horizontal branching spots, canker, rust, leaf and. By 12 m ( 39ft ) at a medium rate planting Site: Naturalization Parks... Sun™ Pear sparse clusters and male flowers in sparse clusters and male flowers in dense heads ) soils., Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay soil, wet soil, black tupelo, black gum and... Forest and range Experiment Station of Agriculture, Forest and range Experiment Station to low wet areas, but to... One of our most beautiful and underused native trees around to cart sweet taste around 3 6... Pests Scales, including sourgum scale, can be found in the without! By salty or brackish water glossy, alternating, ovate leaves, broader towards the tip range of types! Leaves, broader towards the tip from Ontario, south to the trunk spread... Poorly drained sites in east Texas Kew Backbone Distributions the International Plant Index!, wide Median, Restricted Urban Site becomes a brilliant scarlet-red is similar. And grows in swamps deciduous tree, street tree, it is worth including stunning.

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